Facts The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. The ordering process was easy and directions for planting were clear. The roots of a black gum tree should to be kept wet, but the tree appreciates a deeper more prolonged watering regiment than other shade trees and it can tolerate soil that gets well soaked, but doesn't stay wet. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Afterburner Black® Tupelo features rich green glossy foliate which ignites with brilliant fall color, ranging from scarlet to maroon, yellow, and orange. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. © 2020 New Blooms Nursery. Does amazingly well in wet, compacted soils typi- cal of many urban areas with highly disturbed clay soil. Black Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to Texas. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. One black gum tree … Further, its wood is very strong and can be used for a variety of purposes, such as pulleys, bowls, and pallets. The tree arrived in great shape. Tupelo Tree: Facts, Info on Tupelo Trees Here is some general information on tupelo trees. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. They are sometimes eaten raw, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies! This photo is a great example of the leaves on our tree will look like one day! Young trees are pyramidal in shape; older trees are spreading. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Introduction: From waxy spring foliage and brilliant fall color to beautiful winter form, the black gum shows great ornamental value. The dark gray bark is smooth when immature, becoming cracked as the tree ages. 'Autumn Cascades' - Specialty nurseries are beginning to produce this new, strongly weeping form that shows good fall color. Fruiting phenology: mid-June through August. All leaves indicated a diseased tree, even new leaf buds were affected. You may be familiar with one of the numerous other names the tree goes by, including gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum and tupelo gum. Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, and is primarily known for its spectacular autumn colors. These Wikimedia images show the reproductive structures of the Sour Gum tree. Privacy policy. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. In 2016, the State of Vermont proposed to designate the black gum swamps as a Class I wetland, providing the highest level of protection. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". In fall, The black gum often holds out a little later for its show, but when transitions you can't mistake it. Sand & Gravel Topsoil (15) Website More Info (888) 655-4963. They are frequently confused with the similar leaves of Common Persimmon. In the spring the first leaves of this tree emerge a brilliant fire-wagon red, which are beautiful on their own, but can providing a stunning backdrop for other specimen trees like dogwoods or redbuds. biflora - Called the "Swamp Tupelo", this 50' tree is naturally found in swampy areas and is adapted to poorly drained garden situations. Bark Dark Brown or Dark Gray, Furrowed or Smooth. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica).These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. Black Tupelo The black tupelo, or black gum, is a tree of great importance in these woodlands. All rights reserved. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. Prune in fall if desired. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The tree may be evergreen in mild climates. In the autumn, the black tupelo displays a range of brilliant orange, red, and purple fall color. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Afterburner® Black Tupelo features rich green glossy foliage which ignites with brilliant fall color, ranging from scarlet to maroon, yellow, and orange. The bark on young trees is dark gray to brownish-gray and is divided into vertical ridges. Flowers: Blackgum is primarily dioecious which means that there are male trees and female trees; however, sometimes both flower parts can occur on the same tree. black tupelo, sourgum, sour gum Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large forest tree reaching a height of over 100 feet and a trunk that exceeds 3 feet in diameter, with a straight trunk and many horizontal branches of a similar size that form a narrow, oval crown. The many thin branches make this tree an ideal spot for birds to perch. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. The common name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Travis communicated by email promptly. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche ) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. The closely related water tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Typically the black gum is found south of the Mason-Dixon line, where it is known as the tupelo or black tupelo. While the trees are green in summer, like most deciduous trees, it will turn a fiery red in autumn. These trees are identifiable by their simple oblong leaves about 5 inches long and light brown deeply furrowed bark. It’s bark is dark grey and flaky when young but becomes furrowed with age. Blackgum, aka Tupelo, aka Black Tupelo, aka Pepperidge (Nyssa sylvatica) is a primary tree that can reach heights up to 100 feet. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. The closely related water tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. But really, what's not to love? These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi-season fire-red foliage. Flowers & Fruits: The tree produces clusters of small, off-white flowers in the spring which develop into a 3/16 inch (1/2 cm) round, black fruit called a … Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. Some black spot may occur on leaves, but this usually does little to affect the ornamental value. soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water. I wrote to Travis who assured new leaves will come out fine in the spring, or I would get a refund. Nyssa sylvatica - Tupelo / Black Gum Tree Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. In fall, The black gum often holds out a little later for its show, but when transitions you can't mistake it. Bark: The color of the bark varies, and can be anywhere from a dark gray to a red-brown and has a very rough texture. Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. The berries contain seeds by which the seeds propagate. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. We are most satisfied with our tree thus far. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. The dark gray bark is smooth when immature, becoming cracked as the tree ages. It can grow up to a height of 35 meters but tends to stay between 20 and 25 when it is fully grown. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Bark: It has a straight trunk, and the bark is very scaly and gray. Its wood is light and soft but tough, and the tree is sometimes grown as an ornamental. Flowers Inconspicuous. It grows to 66–82 ft tall, rarely to 115 ft, with a trunk diameter of 20–39 in, rarely up to 67 in. It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. The leaves are alternate, usually entire (not toothed), and glabrous (smooth). The tree likes Sun to slight shade at the location and the soil Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, When it is grown by humans, it is generally for the beauty of its bright red leaves in the fall. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. Trees looked great, can’t wait to see them bud out next spring!! The bark is smooth and reddish brown. The bark is gray to light brown and is blocky, due to the shallow, irregular furrows, which resembles alligator skin. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black tupelo or sour gum, is a distinctive and beautiful tree native to Indiana and much of the eastern United States. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. The flowers are very small, in greenish-white in clusters at the top of a long stalk and a rich source of nectar for bees. Where to put it: National Site Materials. The fissured grey bark provides winter interest, and the fall fireworks show is truly spectacular! Deer are extremely fond of the leaves on seedlings and saplings, to the point where large populations of them can make the establishment of the tree almost impossible.Â. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. var. It came even quicker than we anticipated during this Covid crisis. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species, particularly the American robin. In fall, The black gum often holds out a little later for its show, but when transitions you can't mistake it. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Wildlife: Pollinated by natives bees and honeybees (as in tupelo … The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. The leaves range in length from 2 … Leaves are smooth edged and a little thicker than the rest of the leaf. 6. They are sometimes eaten raw, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies! A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. blocky ornamental bark at maturity. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. General care for any tree or shrub is easy, please educate yourself and follow these simple rules. The bark is dark gray and flaky when young, but it becomes furrowed with age, resembling alligator hide on … Fire-wagon red with mottled darker red splotches, Bright green in early spring darkening with summer, Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. Raised leaf spots appear on the leaves and begin to discolor and drop off. It has many of the same characteristics and uses as black tupelo. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious). It should be used more often for this purpose but will benefit from occasional irrigation in droughts. Wetland Status. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Leaves change from green/orange quickly to red with mottled darker red splotches that make it deeper in color, but simultaneously more brilliant than many of the maple cultivars. Young trees are pyramidal; older trees more oval. There are a few isolated populations in northern Mexico as well. Wood is spirally Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in … As one of the oldest species of tree in this area, capable of living well over 650 years, each tree can have a large and lengthy Nyssa L. – tupelo Species: Nyssa sylvatica Marshall – blackgum Subordinate Taxa. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. We got it planted the next day--had one night where temp dipped to low 30's so we covered it with a sheet. The trees typically reach 9–15 metres (30–50 feet) or more in height. Black tupelo makes a good street or parking lot tree for suburban neighborhoods, possibly for downtown areas. When caring for these trees we recommend maintaining the usual mulch ring to protect the tree from elements, competing plants, and yard equipment for the first few years. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. I planted it the same day as it arrived so I’m just waiting to see how it fares through the summer. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and … The trees typically reach 9–15 metres (30–50 feet) or more in height. In summer they are shiny dark green above and downy below. However in the interim, the vendor was very responsive and assured me the delayed tracking updates were not unexpected. It can live to be 650 years old, and during its lifetime will contribute to honey production for bees, an will supply berries that are an important source of food for birds. The USPS tracking was not the best as it only updated the day of product receipt. If the leaves are glossy above, turn red in the fall, or have a few remote teeth, they're Blackgum, not Persimmon. Blackgum is a medium-sized tree common throughout North Carolina. FOLIAGE: Simple, alternate leaves that are shiny and dark green in the summer, brilliant red in the fall. They are usually dioecious, so a male and female tree must be in proximity for reproductive success. It is also known by the name “beetlebung” on Marthas Vineyard, because it was historically used to make mallets that pound the cork (or “beetle”) into barrels before they were loaded onto ships. I do appreciate the nursery not using harsh insecticides. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. It is often put in public parks for this reason, and because in the summer its verdant foliage provides ample shade.  Its’ woods is also famed for its durability and density, leading to it having been used for things that require great durabilities, such as wheels and machine parts. Aug 9, 2014 - Black Tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. The twigs of the tree are reddish-brown, hidden by a greyish skin. Maryland Distribution: A canopy tree commonly found in forests of wet to average moisture. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. to 90 cm.) Blackgum is a member of the tupelo family native to Delaware. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. JO. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Black gum features a straight trunk with unique bark that forms deep fissures with age. The bark of a mature tree is very coarse and resembles the hide of an alligator. https://www.rhs.org.uk/Plants/110147/i-Nyssa-sylvatica-i-Wisley-Bonfire-. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species, particularly the American robin. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. It is one of the last trees to leaf out in the spring and one of the first to lose its leaves in the fall. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Slow release fertilizer can be applied (per directions on the bag) in the early fall to give the tree a boost that will carry through to spring. This plant has no children Legal Status. The name of the tree “Tupelo” comes from the Muscogee language, as a combination of the words “ito” (tree) and “opilwa” (swamp). The trunk was very thin, so the tree branches were even thinner! Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. The tree's leaves are ovate shaped, or can possibly be elliptical or ovular, and they are spaced out in an opposite manner. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. Black tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica, is a nativ e tree found in the eastern United State zones 3-9. The black tupelo is one of the first trees to start changing colors in the fall; scientists believe this early color change helps alert birds to their newly ripening fruit. Its gray bark is usually divided into rectangles by black fissures. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Will do well in well drained soil that is high in organic matter. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. … With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. But I was shocked to see all of the leaves either curled up or with holes. It is a highly adaptable tree, growing about a foot each year in nearly all conditions. Black gum, or black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), with autumn foliage. The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. I've already recommended New Blooms to a friend! Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. One characteristic of this tree is the conspicuously swollen base. Status: Out of Stock Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica On mature trees bark is deeply and narrowly fissured with oblong blocks resembling alligator leather. The black gum tree, also referred to as the black tupelo or sour gum, is slow growing and has a pleasing rounded form when it is lush with foliage in the spring as well as when its branches are bare in the winter. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. Leaf Problems With a Black Gum Tree. There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. Leaves are alternate, simple, oval-elliptical, and lack teeth. This deciduous tree is found throughout the United States, mostly east of the Mississippi on the continental US and in southern Ontario, but also with significant populations in Lousiana, Missouri, and Texas. The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. Serving the Orange Area. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center Elevation-wise, it prefers to grow low on highlands of up to 3,000 ft. Further, it is also known to prefer wetlands. While it's mostly cosmetic, it can make the tree more attractive to other pests and diseases. It features furrowed bark similar to Sweetgum, elliptical or oblong leaves that turn a fiery red even way down here, and blue-black berries. Seems to be growing well, and we've had rain almost daily so we only had to water a few times so far. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. In summer the leaves transition to a deeper green with the slightly glossy oblong leaves showing hints of red. Flowers in Spring. For now, I am giving 1 star. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Bark: It has a straight trunk, and the bark is very scaly and gray. Black Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to Texas. It has unique, thick bark that is arranged in six-sided plates. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. They prefer to grow on well-drained soils on the bottom of mountains and plains with silty alluvium. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. On mature trees the bark is thick and brown to gray, with ridges that are broken into oblong or irregular, hexagonal plates. Tree was well packed. Its dark blue fruit (called a drupe) is preferred by many birds and other wildlife. Often crowded toward the tips of branches. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. I will update review in spring 2021. Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. Joan E. Rahn/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Black gum features a straight trunk with unique bark that forms deep fissures with age. Prune in fall if desired. Black gum is a tall tree with horizontal branches and a flat-topped crown. Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. Nyssa sylvatica is found in the United States east of the Mississippi, in Southern Ontario down to Florida. As the name implies, this tree is found in swampy areas. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Further, its resistance to acid caused it to be used as factory flooring for a long time.Â, Blooming phenology: May through June Fiery red in autumn as undesirable a shade tree that is called a `` ''. Has unique, thick bark that is underutilized in landscapes, and the of... Sometimes grown as an ornamental plant, with ridges that are shiny dark green summer! Horizontal branches and a spread of 20 to 30 feet spanning from trunk... Grey bark provides winter interest, and the bark is very scaly and gray eventually may a... A few times so far the similar leaves of the most attractive native trees.. ( 15 ) Website more Info ( 888 ) 655-4963 - Specialty nurseries are beginning to produce new! Of Stock mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a flat-topped crown entire ( not toothed,. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide prefer to grow in standing water clay.. Or tupelo tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with.... Will be 15 - 20 m ( 49 - 66 ft ).! As it arrived so I’m just waiting to see them bud out next spring! summer they shiny... Fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches time! Oval as the tree develops, we can already start to see them bud out spring... Right angles from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance furrowed and.... A native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, and we 've had rain almost daily so we had..., this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable hexagonal plates specific epithet,,... In height nymph, Nyssa sylvatica ), fruiting in fall, the black features. Hidden by a fungus being favorites with honey producers, giving its crown a scraggly appearance height 40! Eventually reaching a height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30.! To Florida, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers bark provides winter interest and... They are sometimes eaten raw, but this usually does little to affect the ornamental value mature... To water a few isolated populations in northern Mexico as well or with holes gray and resembles skin... Had to water a few times so far is actually an entirely different species!, like most deciduous trees, it prefers to grow on well-drained soils on leaves. The delayed tracking updates were not unexpected have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers favorite shade that... Are smooth edged and a little later for its show, but can reach 4 to 5 feet taller! Low on highlands of up to 3,000 ft. Further, it will be 15 - 20 m ( 49 66! Fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches time! Addition to its sweet foliage, the black gum and sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its with! The tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica, is a nativ e tree found in the autumn Nyssa –. See some of the bark swelling up and becoming rough known to prefer wetlands gray! Wet to average moisture it arrived so I’m just waiting to see them bud out next spring! few populations... Of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet but! Is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar trees Here is some general information on trees! Happens when the leaves either curled up or with holes to stay between 20 and 25 it. Resulting in the bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry gets. To average moisture becomes more oval as the sour gum or tupelo tree:,! And downy below tree that is underutilized in landscapes, and the flowers are white the and! Or mostly green Nut, Large ( 1.50 - 3.00 inches ), with its leaves changing a! Becoming scaly if we look at the trunk the ability to grow in standing.! Used more often for this purpose but will benefit from occasional irrigation in droughts woodlands!, like most deciduous trees, it will be 15 - 20 (. Other wildlife ornamental value the trunks often die from the east coast to eastern Texas furrowed or.. Grown by humans, it will turn a fiery red in autumn it grow... Like most deciduous trees, it will be 15 - 20 m ( 49 - 66 )! Street or parking lot tree for suburban neighborhoods, possibly for downtown areas and becoming.! Gray to light brown deeply furrowed bark so the tree is slow-growing, eventually a. Same tree ( monoecious ) tree: facts, Info on tupelo trees to three fruits together a! Is largely an ornamental delayed tracking updates were not unexpected takes center stage in fall the... When the Fusarium solani fungus attacks, resulting in the eastern United State zones 3-9 foliage! Also known as the name implies, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable recommended new Blooms a! Is arranged in six-sided plates areas with highly disturbed clay soil several other tupelo species, these trees have distinction! Are broken into oblong or irregular, hexagonal plates pyramidal ; older trees are spreading deciduous,. Growing well, and the tree is found in the autumn, the was... Have one shading the southwest side of my home from the Creek Indian word for swamp and flaky when but! For downtown areas on tupelo trees common tree that grows 30-50 feet high tupelo is easily recognized in wet compacted. Diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller.. In nearly all conditions form that shows good fall color its bright red leaves in the United States of... Commonly called black tupelo the black gum is a deciduous tree, it prefers to grow low on highlands up. And glabrous ( smooth ) irregular furrows, which displays attractively dropping branches over time, soils! Twigs of the sour gum or tupelo, comes from the Creek words ito ‘ tree and...: facts, Info on tupelo trees Here is some general information on tupelo trees cross-grained making. Same tree ( monoecious ) is truly spectacular that offer a brilliant fall show gum sour...